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如何在硬碟建置Linux系統之使用 bootdisk及 rootdisk 磁片 開機

2013-11-13 22:17:00  來源: Oracle 

   安裝系統的第一步驟 就是拿剛剛制作好的 bootdisk 磁片
  入第一部軟碟機 啟動電源 正常的話 您會在螢幕上看到以下畫
  面
  
  << 畫面 >>
  LILO
  
  Welcome to the Slackware Linux Bootkernel disk!
  
  If you have any extra parameters to pass to the kernel enter them at the
  prompt below For instance you might need something like this to detect the
  hard drive on PS/ and ValuePoint models from IBM:
  
   ramdisk hd=cylhdssecs (Where cyl hds and secs are the number of
   cylinders sectors and heads on the drive Most
   machine wont need this)
  
  Also in a pinch you can boot your system with a command like:
   mount root=/dev/hda
  
  On machines with low memory you can mount root=/dev/fd or
  mount root=/dev/fd to install without a ramdisk See LOWMEMTXT for details
  
  If you wold rather load the root/install disk from your second floppy drive:
   drive (or even this: ramdisk root=/dev/hd)
  
  DONT SWITCH ANY DISKS YET! This prompt is just for entering extra paramters
  If you dont need to enter any paramters hit ENTER to conitnue
  
  boot:
  
   螢幕畫面在此處停止了 正常的話 在這裡我們碰一下
  鍵 可以繼續
  
  
  << 畫面 >>
  
  
  Please remove the boot kernel disk from your floppy drive insert a
  root/install disk (such as one of the Slackware color colrlite
  tty or tty disks) or some other disk you wish to load into a
  ramdisk and boot and then press ENTER to continue
  
   接著您可以在螢幕上看到開機磁片偵測到硬體周邊裝置的一系列
  訊息 這些訊息此處簡略掉了 一直到下面畫面 螢幕再度停住
  此處 我們浏覽一下其說明 其意思是說 把剛開機用的 bootdisk
  拿出來 把 rootdisk (也就是系統安裝磁片的第二片) 插進磁碟機
  
  
  << 畫面 >>
  VFS: Disk change detected on device /
  RAMDISK: Loading blocks into RAM disk
  
  
  << 畫面 >>
  
  Welcome to the Slackware Linux installation disk (v )
  
  ###### IMPORTANT! READ THE INFORMATION BELOW CAREFULLY ######
   You will need one or more partitions of type Linux native prepared It is
   also recommended that you create a swap partition (type Linux swap) prior
   to installation Most users can use the Linux fdisk utility to create and
   tag the types of all these partitions OS/ Boot Manager users however
   should create their Linux partitions with OS/ fdisk add the bootable
   (root) partition to the Boot Manager menu and then use the Linux fdisk to
   tag the partitions as type Linux native
   If you have megabytes or less of RAM you MUST activate a swap partition
   before running setup After making the partition with fdisk use:
  mkswap /dev/ ; swapon /dev/
   Once you have prepared the disk partitions for Linux and activated a swap
   partition if you need one type setup to begin the installation process
   If you want the install program to use monochrome displays type:
  TERM=vt
   before you start setup
  
  You may now login as root
  
  slackware login:
  
   以上連續畫面到<<畫面 >> 停止 就算開機成功 接下來我們
  可以 root 進入系統 (此時的環境已經是一個運轉中的 Linux系統)
  之後 就可以正式進行系統硬碟規劃以及安裝動作
  
   本節最後我們介紹一個相關的問題 有時候 bootdisk 磁片開
  機時 沒有能夠自動偵測到您的硬體設備 最常見的 就是網路卡以
  及CDROM 控制卡 遇到這種情況時 我建議您用 bootdisk 磁片開
  機時 在 boot: 提示符號後 輸入以下指令:
  
   boot: ramdisk sbpcd=xAAALaserMate 針對 Panasonic B/B 光碟機
  
   boot: ramdisk ether=BxCCCeth 針對網路卡
  
   boot: ramdisk sbpcd=xAAALaserMate ether=BxCCCeth 合在一起
  
   以上: AAA: 該唯獨光碟機控制卡之 IO port
   B: 該網路卡的 IRQ
   CCC: 開網路卡之 IP port
  
  

From:http://tw.wingwit.com/Article/program/Oracle/201311/18683.html
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